Environmental health is the control of all those aspects in the environment that may have adverse effects on the basic determinants of health vis-à-vis people's physical, mental, or social well-being. Environmental health is the speciality of public health management that deals with the relationships in-between people and their environment; promotes human health and well-being; and encourages healthy and safe communities.
Environmental health is a basic component of any standard public health system. This specialty of public health management works to advance policies and programs to mitigate the risks associated with chemical, biological, radiation and other environmental exposures in air, water, soil and food to protect people and provide communities with healthy living.
The career opportunities in environmental health practice are very vast and include professionals working in the public and private sector organizations in the capacity of management, technical expertise, education, enforcement, consultation, and emergency response for the purpose of prevention of environmental health hazards and the advancement and protection of the public health and the environment. A few work areas which require trained environmental health professionals include but are not limited to the following: food safety; housing; occupational health and safety management; land use; community noise control; recreational swimming areas and waters; electromagnetic radiation safety; solids, liquids, and hazardous materials management; underground storage tank safety and control; septic tank systems; vector control; potable drinking water quality; water sanitation; emergency preparedness and hazard prevention; milk and dairy sanitation; etc.